What Are Paint Balls Made of Exactly?

Paintballs are thin capsules with a die or paint inside. Modern paintballs are made of food ingredients. They resemble large vitamin capsules and bath oil beads. The ingredients are water soluble, biodegradable and safe to the environment. They have no medical implications thus allowing you to remain at ease when hit. Water solubility makes sure you can wash your gear easily. However, the colored spat should be removed after the game. Paintballs are made of ingredients like wax, polyethylene glycol, canola oil, sorbitol, soy lecithin, gelatin, and water. Different manufacturers combine these ingredients in different proportions. This discussion addresses the question, “what are paintballs made of?”.

The Shell
This is the outer part of the paintball that breaks upon impact. The shell is composed mainly of gelatin. It gives a resemblance of a supplement capsule. This material holds paint or fills and breaks upon heavy contact.The shell and its contents are propelled by CO2 or compressed air. The impact force allows them to break after hitting your opponent. Originally, the shell was made of glass which was a little bit insecure. But these were used mostly to mark trees and cattle. Gelatin absorbs water forming a colloidal gel. This causes it to swell in limited time and degrade into simple compounds. However, it can jam the marker when its swells inside. The ball can break in the barrel which leads to a mess. This is one of the reason markers are taken apart and cleaned.

The Fill
The fill is a water soluble dye which leaves a colored mark upon contact. Early paintballs were made of oil-based paint which does not wash off easily. Modern paintballs are made polyethylene glycol additive which lowers the freezing point of the mixture. This ingredient is tasteless, odorless and colorless. It dissolves in water and does not affect the gelatin shell. It flows slowly with a syrupy consistency making it perfect for making paintballs. It flows like blood when it breaks open. This chemical compound is pigmented to form colored, polar and water soluble dye. Apart from polyethylene glycol, the fill also contains other colored food dyes, preservatives and a thickener like wax. These ingredients are also biodegradable and pose no threat to the environment.

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Reusable Paintballs
These are the same size as normal paintballs but weigh slightly more. These foam balls don’t contain a paint filling. They are suitable for indoor gaming since they don’t break and open upon contact. The players rely on the reaction of the opponent. However, they are less reliable and allow people to cheat in the game. They are also expensive. But they can be washed and reused again. These reusable paintballs are used at lower velocity because they don’t break.

In conclusion, paintballs are essential in the game for they confirm if you have hit your target. Regarding the shell, gelatin material becomes chemically compromised easily. Therefore, it’s recommended not to use a ball once it has hit the ground. These balls should not be exposure to sun and air for a long time. This is to prevent the gelatin material from hardening. Over drying can also deform the paintball causing breakages within the barrel. The paint should be washed after every game. Otherwise, the ingredients combine with great tolerance and guarantee safety.