What Does a Paintball Regulator Do?

A paintball regulator controls the amount of pressure entering the marker by cutting off the air source when the air pressure reaches a certain level in the regulator’s chamber. There is a port within the chamber which helps in keeping the pressure at equilibrium. A regulator only controls the incoming air pressure. Regulators are not usually perfect. Sometimes pressure difference can be induced when the paintball gun fires faster the time it takes for air pressure to reach an equilibrium. This is caused by using a small valve on the regulator. Pressure is indicated by changes in psi values. Regulators come with different functionalities depending on system design.

Pressure Cut-off
The air is allowed through the regulator and flows through the valve into the chamber. From here, a force caused by air pressure acts on the piston placed on spring rack. The press is compressed thus moving the piston at a distance equal to air pressure in the chamber. This allows the valve to close thus cutting off the air supply.

Adjustable Regulators
There are regulators that come with an adjustable output pressure. The adjustment is made by turning the screw inside out. The working principle of an adjustable regulator resembles that of a velocity regulator. Turning the screw aligns the spring pack with the valve. The air must compress the pack to a given distance for the valve to close. Change is air pressure is required for the spring pack to be compressed at a new distance. A spring pack needs to be compressed twice for the valve to be closed. The valve can also be moved by adjusting the screw.

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Fluctuations and Cycles
Fluctuations in velocity might be experienced after adjusting the regulator. This can be eliminated by firing a string of shots to set the spring in the right movement pattern. Usually, the pressure in the chamber changes from the normal firing state after aan djustment. The regulator moves through the cycle for some times before perfect regulation is achieved.

Pressure Relief
There are other regulators designed with a pressure relief meant to get rid of the excess pressure. It keeps pressure from building up inside the chamber. It is provided in form of a small hole which allows air to escape from the regulator body. It is placed in a way that the small hole is cleared by the piston to expel the gas when the spring pack is compressed. The pressure relief is set to vent air at a higher psi value than the regulator.

In conclusion, regulators are one of the most important parts of a paintball gun. Their performance is usually affected by debris and dirt. Regular maintenance will help in keeping air pressure at equilibrium. It makes sure that there are no air leakages through the valve. A leaking one means air will not be stopped from entering the chamber. This causes your gun to shoot paint balls with too much air pressure thus delivering hot shots. This is because most paint ball guns are designed to work at a low pressure. Regulators determine safety and accuracy of a paintball gun.